How to do Time and Material Invoicing in Field Service: Invoicing Tips with Free Template

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Learn how to invoice time and materials and how to create and use worksheets with Field Promax. Use the worksheet samples to accelerate payment.

How do I get paid on time and in full?

This is a question that keeps many service business owners up at night. The unique thing about field service is that the actual job takes place outside the office, and in most cases, the owner is not present there to collect the payment. Even if you are, there is no guarantee that you’ll get paid instantly or for the total amount—for a host of reasons. But perhaps the most significant reason for delay, in the case of field service management, is an inaccurate invoice. If you cannot provide an invoice that matches the estimate or satisfies the client, the chances are really slim when it comes to getting paid on the spot. And this is more likely to occur if you are working with a time and material pricing model.

Sounds familiar? It has got to be. You are not alone in suffering from the hassles of time and material billing. But this is something that you cannot overlook at any cost, for a delayed or missed invoice is going to seriously affect your revenue and sustainability. But there is a simple solution to this problem.

Field Promax Provides the Best-in-Line Invoicing Solutions. Sign up to learn more

Every day, new service-providing businesses are emerging across the globe. With the advent of new technologies, it is now possible to organize all of a company’s field service activities on a single platform in order to provide a better service and customer experience. Known as field service software, this amazing digital tool can help you streamline almost everything in your workflow, including billing and invoicing.

In this blog, you are going to learn two important things—how to create a perfect time and material invoice to get paid on time and, more importantly, how to do it fast and accurately with field service software. To help you further, we have also put together a few worksheet samples that show how to do this kind of invoicing correctly. You can also go ahead and download them to use as your time and material invoice templates as well.

time and material invoice

Fixed vs. Time and Material Invoicing: Market Best Practices

Before we tell you how to do time and materials billing, let’s get a few basic things in order.

When it comes to invoicing in field service, there are two primary models of invoicing that are accepted as industry practice, i.e., a fixed pricing invoice and a time and material pricing invoice.

In a fixed-price contract, the service provider agrees to finish a job within an agreed-upon total cost. Many project owners like the set price method because the costs and timelines are known ahead of time, but the contractor takes on more risk in this scenario. If the project plan is clear and there aren’t too many change orders, the price shouldn’t change from what was agreed upon at the start of the project. However, if things change and additional services or products are required during the project, the pricing may vary. And that is going to be a problem if the cost is determined beforehand.

To avoid such risks, billing for this type of deal is typically based on the percentage of work completed within a stipulated time. Fixed-price contracts often include bonuses and incentives for meeting certain goals and finishing early. This pricing plan is easier to manage because owners don’t have to send detailed bills. Before the project starts, the price is set and agreed upon.

The time and material billing model, on the other hand, is a way to bill the client based on the price of materials and the cost of hourly labor. Usually, everyone agrees ahead of time on hourly rates, costs for equipment usage, markups for any subcontractors, along with supplies.

This way of setting prices is usually more flexible than the fixed price model. Like a fixed-price contract, a time and materials billing model would still need the whole project scope to be planned out in advance. The job would have to be done in stages, though. Every time a bill comes in, the contractor and project owner get together to talk about the time and products used. This model takes a much more comprehensive approach to managing a job order and, therefore, is rather popular in terms of field service management.

Field service management is made easy with Field Promax. Sign up to get paid on time.

Best Practices for Time and Material Invoicing

Field Service Management Best Practices for Time and Material Invoicing

Now that you know what a time and material billing model is, let’s find out how to create one perfectly.

Just follow these steps:

    • 1. Time and Record Keeping

For a contractor to do well under a time and materials contract, the first step is to keep very thorough records. This means keeping records of materials, services, labor, and equipment bought or rented for the specific job.

    • 2. Documentation

Every job order has different invoicing requirements, such as what supporting papers the client wants to be included with the final invoice. Some of the common backups required for time and material billing are:

      • Invoice providing a summary of the total amount, including total billable hours, labor rate, material costs, and the overall markup.
      • Transaction lists indicating a detailed report of the total billable hours and material costs for which the client is billed (this is really important, for the client might want this to review the invoice for accuracy or for their own reporting and accounting purposes)
      • Copies of receipts and payable invoices to reflect the costs of third-party purchases and rentals required for the project.
      • Copies of certified payroll reports or timesheets to review the total billable hours.
    • 3. Line Items

A time and material invoice should clearly mention the following things:

      • Specific goal of the project
      • Estimated deadlines for different tasks within the project
      • Fixed price for labor that includes wages/hourly rate, overhead, administrative and general costs, and markup for profit (usually between 15%-30%)
      • Quality and type of materials, along with price
      • Time and material not-to-exceed clause (T&M NTE)
      • Payment milestones (for long-running or recurring projects)

Once you have all this required information, you can go ahead and put it all together to calculate and create your final invoice. Use this simple formula to calculate your final time and material invoice.

(Total Labor Hours X Fixed Hourly Rate) + Material Cost + Markup = Final T&M Invoice

Wrapping Up: T&M Invoicing with Field Service Software

Look at the section above. Now take a moment and think—are you doing all this work by yourself? Just think about the sheer amount of paperwork the entire process involves! Not to forget the time and effort required to get the details right.There’s no way you can ensure accuracy and transparency if you plan to do this manually. Even if you are confident about your skills and experience, you cannot fully rely on other people to provide all the necessary information and paperwork on time. One thing is missing and the whole system goes sideways.

Well, there is no need to panic or feel stressed. Now you have amazing digital tools at your disposal to get this right. Since the advent of field service software solutions, creating T&M invoices have become easier than ever. And your best bet in this regard is Field Promax. Let us tell you how.

To begin with, Field Promax offers the best invoicing tool in the market right now. But more importantly, it offers an end-to-end automation solution for all your processes, including billing and invoicing. With Field Promax, you don’t even need to focus on time and material invoicing in particular. It will do the entire job for you.

When you sign up for Field Promax, it gives you a comprehensive dashboard where you can see all your work orders. You select a particular project and enter the customerand job details, and that’s it! After this, the assigned technician will add the time, materials, and additional overhead to the job order. They can also upload images and documents, such as receipts for purchase and rentals, to be provided in the final invoice for the client review. This way, you don’t have to worry about the paperwork or manual error. Once you enter the job details and requirements, the software will automatically turn them into line items in your final invoice as well.

Once they mark the job as complete, the technicians can create the final invoice, including all the necessary details, right on the job site and send it directly to the to the client. So, you don’t have to worry about invoicing at all! Yet, you get an accurate invoice on the spot, driving customer experience at the same time.

Here comes the best part. Field Promax integrates with QuickBooks, the leading accounting software. With this integration, your managers/technicians can view work order details, update job progress, manage accounting, and create T&M invoices—all from a single platform. Result? Less hassle, zero risk of error, and timely payment. Overall, it is a win-win situation for everyone involved.

So, what are you waiting for? Sign up for Field Promax field service software today and make time and material invoicing a breeze.


Originally Published On: Field Promax ( Time and material invoice template )